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Jerusalem - Israel's Capital City   by Tomer Harel

Jerusalem Featured Hotels

Traveling to Jerusalem is a dream-come-true for many people. Known as The City of God, Jerusalem is a place that people will save for many years to go visit. Jerusalem holds a special place in the heart of many people. The city, of course, has an amazing religious history which attracts many people. Even those who are not religious are amazed at the culture and history of this fascinating and beautiful city.
Going to Jerusalem is like taking a step back in time, to a day when camels and donkeys were the most common means of transportation. It was a time when life was simpler. Families and religions were important. Marketplaces on the streets, fishing in the Sea of Galilee, walking the places where men from the Bible walked - it's fascinating to young and old alike.

Jerusalem has quite a history within the country of Israel. Back in 1010 BC, King David captured Jerusalem and made it the capital of Israel in 996 BC. He dreamed of building a large place of worship, a temple, in Jerusalem and his son Solomon made that dream become a reality. King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon leveled the entire city in 587 BC and deported most of the people to his country.

However, to the Jewish people, there was no place like their capital and place of worship. At the first opportunity, they rebuilt the city and temple under the leadership of Nehemiah in 445 BC. They continue to consider Jerusalem the capital of their country, not just politically, but also in terms of worship and culture.

Dome of the Rock, Temple Mount, Jerusalem, Israel
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Worshippers at Wailing Wall, Jerusalem, Israel
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Nearly 40 years before the birth of Jesus, Herod increased the size of the Second Temple and made it even more beautiful. However, in 70 AD, the Romans destroyed the temple, leaving only the western wall. This wall became a place of weeping and a memorial for the Jewish people and is still considered the holiest shrine of Judaism. It is simple referred to as "The Western Wall" or "The Wailing Wall."

Jerusalem is filled with interesting places to visit. Old Jerusalem is a great place to start because it truly takes you back to a time and place in history that one can only imagine. The views overlooking the city and Garden of Gethsemane, along with the Mount of Olives and the many churches in the city, make it a truly fascinating journey back in time.


Many Christians are especially thrilled to visit Jerusalem because of the great amount of Old Testament history that occurred there. Of course, Jesus of Nazareth also visited Jerusalem and taught the people in this area. Golgotha, the place where Jesus was crucified is a short walk from the walls of the Old City.
Jerusalem has a population of approximately 764,000 with an area of 48.3 square miles. Of this population, 64% are Jewish, 32% are Muslim and 2% are Christian. All the branches of Israeli government are within the city, including the Supreme Court, parliament, and the Knesset, which is the legislative branch of the Israeli government. One of the country's leading football stadiums, the Teddy Stadium, is located in Jerusalem. Another popular spot is the Jerusalem Biblical Zoo.

Jerusalem enjoys a Mediterranean climate, which means mild, wet winters, and hot, dry summers. Once or twice every winter, there will be a snowfall, usually light, but occasionally, a heavy snowfall with occur. 

Crowd Celebrating Jeru.S.A.Lem Day at Western (Wailing) Wall, Jerusalem, Israel
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The coldest month of the year is January with an average temperature of 48 degrees Fahrenheit. The hottest months are July and August with an average temperature of 75 degrees Fahrenheit. There are often many summer months where there is no rainfall.
Orthodox Worshippers at Western Wall, Jerusalem, Israel
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The city of Jerusalem has a city council that consists of 31 elected members that are headed by the mayor. The mayor serves a five-year term and has the duty to appoint six deputies. The mayor can be re-elected an innumerable amount of terms. The mayor who served the longest was Teddy Kollek who served six consecutive terms. While the mayor and his deputies receive a salary, the city council members work strictly on a voluntary basis.

Within the city are many cultural attractions. The Israel Museum, for example, attracts more than one million visitors per year, with nearly one-third of them tourists. Also of special interest are the Dead Sea Scrolls which were discovered in the middle of the twentieth century. The Rockefeller Museum is an archeological museum located in East Jerusalem and was built by the British Mandate in 1938.


Home to many religions, Jerusalem is truly a place of deep history, religion and culture. Jews, Christians and Muslims all consider Jerusalem as the Holy City of their religion. With never-ending sights and sounds of days gone by, Jerusalem takes one back to Bible times. Regardless of one's religious affiliation, however, Jerusalem provides a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to broaden your horizons and learn of a culture that has withstood the test of time.

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About the Author:  Tomer Harel

FEATURED HOTELS IN JERUSALEM, ISRAEL

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A Little House in Rechavia, Jerusalem
The Little House in Rechavia is on a peaceful street in the heart of Rechavia, one of the finest neighborhoods in Jerusalem. This Jerusalem hotel is only a 10 minutes walk to the downtown area and the new Mamilla mall, 15-20 minutes to the old city and 5 minutes to the Great Synagogue. Our newest Jerusalem hotel has 28 rooms and family units. It is a newly renovated, old, stone house in an exclusive location. The hotel offers accommodations for singles, couples and families. Full, rich Israeli Kosher Lemhadrin breakfast.
American Colony Hotel Jerusalem
In the heart of Jerusalem, between East and West, within walking distance of all major sights - ten minutes from the Old City. A former Pasha's palace, personified by classic Arabian arches, elaborate furnishings and opulent accommodations Ė this elegant privately owned boutique hotel prides itself in offering guests an enchanting "east meets west" experience in a tranquil and romantic setting.   Its 3 separate buildings, lush gardens and unique style have earned the hotel its reputation as an oasis with timeless elegance. The American Colony Hotel boasts five non-kosher restaurants and bars, each with their own ambiance, and is a second home to intellectuals, artists, journalists, diplomats and shrewd travelers who are looking for a quiet and calm oasis amongst the bustle of Jerusalem.
Grand Court Jerusalem
The Grand Court Jerusalem is idyllic hotel for vacation and relaxation in the holy city Jerusalem. The hotel located at the center of Jerusalem and just few minute walk from the Old City with its cultural and holy sites, vivid markets and many more historical and cultural attractions. The hotelís guests enjoy sun lighted spacious dining room with the open garden view lounge. We offer banquet and business facilities fully equipped with the latest technology, suitable for social gatherings corporate meetings, and family celebrations. Grand Court Jerusalem hotel health center include fitness room and beautiful, new luxurious pool overlooking the old city of Jerusalem.
Holy Land Hotel Jerusalem
The Holy Land Hotel is located in the heart of Jerusalem. Within a few minutes walk, hotel guests can reach the City Center and to Herodís & Damascus Gates that lead to the religious and historical sites. From  the hotel rooms guests can enjoy a certain view of the city among which are the Old City View  (Golden Dome of the Rock and the Old City Walls), Mount of Olives, Mount of Scopus & Rockefellerís Garden. Some rooms have an Old City View  (Golden Dome of the Rock and the Old City Walls). The hotel has a coffee shop and bar.
Leonardo Jerusalem
Leonardo Classic Jerusalem is a unique meeting point of old and new, history and modern life. Leonardo Classic Jerusalem offers a special holiday in a unique environment, the one that combines the treasures of the ancient city with the luxury, progress and quality of modern life.Swimming pool (seasonal) including separate bathing hours for men and women. Childrenís club with variable entertainment programmes (seasonal).  Synagogue and other religious services (by appointment). The main restaurant located in Tamar hall offers Israeli breakfasts, as well as rich and variable lunches and dinners. Friendship Café located in the lobby is a dairy restaurant serving international cuisine. The bar offers special cocktails.
Mount Of Olives Hotel Jerusalem
The Mount of Olives is an affordable, family-run hotel situated in the heart of Jerusalem's historical/Biblical center. The hotel was established in 1960 around the home of the Khweis family which is presently used as the Internet Cafe. Renovations to restore this centuries old room are scheduled for next year. There are many churches and holy sites around the hotel commemorating the historic events of the Bible. These include the Chapel of the Ascension, the Garden of Gethsemene, the Tomb of the Virgin Mary, the Pater Noster Church, the Tomb of the Prophets, Dominus Flevit, and the spectacular Russian Orthodox Church of Saint Mary Magdalene with its seven golden cupolas making it one of Jerusalem's most distinctive landmarks.
Prima Palace Hotel Jerusalem
The Prima Palace Hotel offers a unique blend of modern surroundings with traditional atmosphere, catering to religiously observant visitors. The hotel features luxurious banquet halls and private meeting rooms. In addition to the first rate amenities and comforts provided by this elegantly appointed hotel. it is within easy walking distance of the Kotel and Old City.  Breakfast and Dinner are served daily, buffet-style in the Shoham and Barrakat Halls on the Hotelís entrance level. On Shabbat and Holidays, lunch is served, and there is waiter service for all meals.
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