is one of the 16 states (Bundesländer) of the Federal Republic of
Germany. Baden-Württemberg is in the southwestern part of the country
to the east of the Upper Rhine—but one which has some of its major cities
straddling the banks of the Neckar River (Tübingen, Stuttgart,
Heilbronn, Heidelberg, Mannheim).
It is third largest in both area and population among the country's sixteen
states, with an area of 35,742 square kilometers (13,800.1 sq mi) and 10.7
million inhabitants (both almost equivalent to all of Belgium).
The state capital is Stuttgart.
The Rhine (Rhein) forms the
western border as well as large portions of the southern border. The
Black Forest (Schwarzwald), the main mountain range of the state, rises
east of the Rhine valley. The high plateau Swabian Alb between Neckar,
Black Forest and Danube is an important European watershed. Baden-Württemberg
shares both Lake Constance (Bodensee) and the foothills of the Alps with
The Danube (Donau) river
has its source in Baden-Württemberg near the town of Donaueschingen,
in a place called Furtwangen in the Black Forest.