(German: Rheinland-Pfalz) is one of the 16 federal states (German: Bundesländer)
It has an area of 19,846 km²
and about four million inhabitants. The capital is Mainz.
(from the north and clockwise) North
Saarland, Luxembourg and Belgium.
The biggest river of the
state is the Rhine river, which forms the border with Baden-Württemberg
and Hesse in the southeast
before running through the northern part of Rhineland-Palatinate. The Rhine
Valley is bounded by mountain chains and forms a fascinating landscape
containing some of the most historically significant places in Germany.
The Eifel and Hunsrück
mountain chains are found on the west bank of the Rhine in northern Rhineland-Palatinate,
while the Westerwald and Taunus mountains are found on the east bank. The
hilly lands in the southernmost region of the state are covered by the
Palatinate forest and the Palatinate.
These mountain chains are
separated from each other by the following tributaries of the Rhine: the
Moselle (Mosel), the Lahn and the Nahe.