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Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria,
in the administrative region of Middle Franconia.
It is situated on the Pegnitz
river and the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal and is Franconia's largest city.
It is located about 170 kilometres north of Munich, at 49.27° N 11.5°
E. Population (as of 01/2006) is 500,132.
was an early center of humanism, science, printing, and mechanical invention.
The city contributed much
to the science of astronomy. In 1471 Johannes Mueller of Königsberg
(Bavaria), later called Regiomontanus, built an astronomical observatory
in Nuremberg and published many important astronomical charts. In 1515,
Albrecht Dürer, a native of Nuremberg, mapped the stars of the northern
and southern hemispheres, producing the first printed star charts, which
had been ordered by Johann Stabius. Around 1515 Dürer also published
the "Stabiussche Weltkarte", the first perspective drawing of the terrestrial
globe. Perhaps most famously, the main part of Nicolaus Copernicus' work
was published in Nuremberg in 1543.
Printers and publishers have
a long history in Nuremberg. Many of these publishers worked with well-known
artists of the day to produce books that could also be considered works
of art. In 1470 Anton Koberger opened Europe's first print shop in Nuremberg.
In 1493, he published the Nuremberg Chronicles, also know as the World
Chronicles (Schedelsche Weltchronik), an illustrated history of the world
from the creation to the present day. It was written in the local Franconian
dialect by Hartmann Schedel and had illustrations by Michael Wohlgemuth,
Wilhelm Pleydenwurff, and Albrecht Dürer. Others furthered geographical
knowledge and travel by map making. Notable among these was navigator and
geographer Martin Behaim, who made the first world globe.
Sculptors such as Veit Stoss
and Peter Vischer are also associated with Nuremberg.
Composed of prosperous artisans,
the guilds of the Meistersingers flourished here. Richard Wagner made their
most famous member, Hans Sachs, the hero of his opera Die Meistersinger
von Nürnberg. Baroque composer Johann Pachelbel was born here and
was organist of St. Sebaldus Church.
Nuremberg is also famous
for its Christmas market, which draws well over a million shoppers each
year. The market is famous for its handmade ornaments and delicacies.
Attractions and things
southern part of the old town, known as Lorenzer Seite, is separated from
the north by the river Pegnitz and encircled to the south by the city walls.
/ Featured Nuremberg Hotels
Nuremberg Castle: the
three castles that tower over the city including central burgraves' castle,
with Free Reich's buildings to the east, the Imperial castle to the west.
In the centre of the city, on the bank of the river Pegnitz, stands the
Hospital of the Holy Spirit. Founded in 1332, this is one of the largest
hospitals of the Middle Ages. Lepers were kept here at some distance from
the other patients. It now houses elderly persons and a restaurant.
Hauptmarkt, which provides
a picturesque setting and famous market for gingerbread. Nuremberg's star
attraction is the Gothic Schöner Brunnen (Beautiful Fountain) which
was erected around 1385 but subsequently replaced with a replica (the original
fountain is kept in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum). The unchanged Renaissance
bridge Fleischbrücke crosses the Pegnitz nearby.
The following churches are located
inside the city walls: St. Sebaldus Church, St. Lorenz, Frauenkirche (Our
Lady's Church), Saint Klara, Saint Martha, Saint Jakob, Saint Egidien,
and Saint Elisabeth.
Gothic St Lorenz-Kirche
(St. Lorenz church, St. Lorenz), one of the most important buildings in
Nuremberg. The main body was built around 1270-1350.
The church of the former Katharinenkloster
is preserved as a ruin, the Cartause is integrated into the building of
the Germanisches Nationalmuseum and the choir of the former Franzikanerkirche
is part of a modern building.
The Walburga Chapel and
the Romanesque Doppelkapelle (Chapel with two floors) are part of
is a medieval cemetery, containing many old graves (Albrecht Dürer,
Willibald Pirckheimer, and others). The Rochusfriedhof or the Wöhrder
Kirchhof are near the Old Town.
The Tiergarten Nürnberg
is a zoo stretching over more than 60 ha in the Nürnberger Reichswald.
There is also a medieval
market just inside the city walls, selling handcrafted goods.
The German National Railways
Museum (German) (an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial
Heritage) is located in Nuremberg.
The Nuremberg Ring (now
welded within an iron fence) is said to bring good luck to those that touch
HOTELS IN NUREMBERG, BAVARIA, GERMANY
browsing Nuremberg, Germany hotels
Hotel & Living Maximilian Nuremberg
Located at only a few minutes
walk from the historic medieval centre, the Derag Hotel and Living Maximilian
Nuremberg is ideally placed in the lively modern city of Nuremburg.
Generously furnished and equipped with modern amenities, all the accommodation
units offer a great ambience for a relaxing stay. Guests can enjoy
delicious international cuisine at the in-house Maximilian Restaurant served
in a buffet style and also spend a great time at the beer garden. The on-site
lounge bar and cocktail bar are the perfect places to visit after a busy
Western Hotel Nuernberg City West Nuremberg
Located in Nuremberg, Best
Western Hotel Nuernberg City West is in the business district and close
to Nuremberg Palace of Justice, Nuremberg Castle, and St. Sebaldus Church.
Nearby points of interest also include Schoner Brunner and Frauenkirche.
Dining options at Best Western Hotel Nuernberg City West include a restaurant
and a bar/lounge. Complimentary wireless Internet access is available in
public areas. Concierge services and tour/ticket assistance are available.
Guest parking is available for a surcharge. Additional property amenities
include multilingual staff and laundry facilities. A total renovation of
this property was completed in March 2006.
am Jakobsmarkt Nuremberg
Hotel am Jakobsmarkt is
a business-friendly hotel located in Nuremberg, close to German National
Museum, Old City Hall, and Hauptmarkt. Additional points of interest include
Sebalderplatz and St. Lorenz Church. Recreational amenities include a sauna.
Wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Room service is
available during limited hours. Guest parking is complimentary. Additional
property amenities include a bar/lounge and laundry facilities. Guestrooms
offer direct-dial phones and in-room safes. Televisions have satellite
channels. Rooms also include desks, minibars, complimentary bottled water,
and clock radios.
Hilton Nuernberg is a business-friendly
hotel located in Nuremberg, close to Frankenstadion, St. Lorenz Church,
and Heilig Geist Spital. Additional points of interest include German National
Museum and Frauenkirche. Dining options at Hilton Nuernberg include a restaurant
and a bar/lounge. Room service is available. Recreational amenities include
an indoor pool, a health club, a spa tub, a sauna, and a fitness facility.
Concierge services and tour assistance are available. Guest parking is
complimentary. Additional property amenities include a coffee shop/café,
multilingual staff, and gift shops/newsstands.
Meridien Grand Hotel Nuremberg
Le Meridien Grand Hotel
Nuremberg is a business-friendly hotel located in central Nuremberg, close
to New Museum, Old City Hall, and Hauptmarkt. Additional points of interest
include Sebalderplatz and St. Lorenz Church. Dining options at Le Meridien
Grand Hotel Nuremberg include a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service
is available 24 hours a day. Recreational amenities include a sauna and
a fitness facility. Wireless Internet access (surcharge) is available in
public areas. Business services, concierge services, and tour/ticket assistance
are available. Additional property amenities include valet parking, multilingual
staff, and gift shops/newsstands. The property has designated areas for
Maritim Hotel Nuernberg
is a business-friendly hotel located in Nuremberg, close to Nuremberg Opera
House, Old City Hall, and Hauptmarkt. Additional points of interest include
German National Museum and St. Lorenz Church. Dining options at Maritim
Hotel Nuernberg include a restaurant and a bar/lounge. Room service is
available during limited hours. Recreational amenities include an indoor
pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. Wireless Internet access is available
in public areas. Guest parking is available for a surcharge. Additional
property amenities include a poolside bar, a coffee shop/café, and
a concierge desk.
Situated in Nuremberg, this
business-friendly hotel is near Zeppelin and March Fields and Dokuzentrum's
Fascination and Terror. Additional attractions include German National
Museum. Dining options at Ramada Nuernberg Parkhotel include a restaurant
and a bar/lounge. Room service is available 24 hours a day. Recreational
amenities include an indoor pool, a sauna, and a fitness facility. This
4.5-star property has a business center and offers small meeting rooms.
Wireless Internet access is available in public areas. Additional property
amenities include a coffee shop/café and express check-in.